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Mansoureh Sahebibazaz & Ahmad Tondi

The Effect of Commerce and Trade in the Development of Great ‎Khorasan during the Early Centuries after the Arrival of Islam

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Abstract

Trade can be one of the most influential factors in the development of cities, as ‎in the Great Khorasan region during the centuries after the arrival of Islam. ‎After consolidation of the Islamic regime in Iran including Great Khorasan, the ‎society changed because of the teachings of Islam, thinking about social classes ‎and productive works. Hence, the ground for generating jobs in urban areas ‎emerged. Most produced goods in this period were based on agriculture and ‎livestock products. These products were produced on a large scale and variety. ‎Thus, the export of surplus goods to other areas was pursued by people and ‎governments. The primary export destinations were markets of cities. Because ‎of the geographical location of Khorasan region, most cities were along the ‎routes through which Muslims could establish trade relations and economic ‎transactions with other nations, export their goods and import the needed ‎materials. Hence, the cities which were located on the trade routes would ‎attract a great population due to their economic attractions and wealth creation ‎leading to the expansion and development of cities in the region.‎

Keywords : economy and commerce, Great Khorasan, Islamic ‎period, urban development

Pour citer cet article

Mansoureh Sahebibazaz & Ahmad Tondi, «The Effect of Commerce and Trade in the Development of Great ‎Khorasan during the Early Centuries after the Arrival of Islam», Bulletin de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège [En ligne], Volume 85 - Année 2016, Actes de colloques, Special edition, 631 - 637 URL : https://popups.uliege.be:443/0037-9565/index.php?id=5541.

A propos de : Mansoureh Sahebibazaz

Department of history, Tajik international university, Dushanbe, Tajikistan. Sahebi_46@yahoo.com

A propos de : Ahmad Tondi

Department of Crafts, Art university of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.