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Gözde Uçan & Ali Nafiz Ekiz

Leaf Beetles (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae) occurring in Dilek Peninsula Büyük Menderes Delta National Park of Aydın province (Turkey)

(Volume 76 (2023))
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Abstract

Leaf beetle specimens (Chrysomelidae) were collected from Dilek Peninsula Büyük Menderes Delta National Park (Aydın) and they were identified at the species level. As a result of the field studies, a total of 262 leaf beetles were collected, and 34 species belonging to 8 subfamilies and 26 genera were identified. Sixteen of these species were previously recorded from Aydın province and 18 species are new records for Aydın province. In addition, the host plants and provincial distributions for each species are provided.L

Keywords : Chrysomelidae, Coleoptera, Leef Beetles, National Park.

Reçu le 22 juin 2022, accepté le 03 mars 2023

Cet article est distribué suivant les termes et les conditions de la licence CC-BY (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.fr)

INTRODUCTION

1Leaf beetles are one of the largest families among beetles, with more than 50,000 species and over 2500 genera all over the world (Jolivet et al., 2009; Biondi et al., 2013; Jolivet, 2015). Even if these researchs are not sufficient, many groups of this family are under study in Turkey because they are phytophagous insects and are found in dense populations (Ekiz & Şen et al., 2013). Most of the leaf beetle species are agricultural pests and are economically important insects (Beenen, 2010).

2Biodiversity can better be conserved in protected areas because anthropogenic effects are minimum. In this context, it is important to reveal the leaf beetle diversity of Dilek Peninsula Büyük Menderes Delta National Park (DPNP). The materials of this study consist of leaf beetle samples collected from DPNP.

MATERIAL AND METHODS

3DPNP is located in Aydın province in southwestern Turkey (Figure 1). This national park is one of the most protected national parks in Turkey. DPNP was declared a national park in 1966. This area covers international importance due to its rich biodiversity (DKMPGM, 2022).

Image 100000000000025C000001FC936573B6DB434B1F.jpg

Figure 1: Map of the study area (DPNP for Dilek Peninsula Büyük Menderes Delta National Park). (The map is created using free Google maps)

4The samples were collected between 2020-2021 from various habitats (herbaceous vegetation, shrub vegetation and tree vegetation) by using methods suitable for the habitat type, representing the entire national park (Figure 2). Sweeping net was used in herbaceous and shrub vegetation, and Japanese umbrella in shrub and tree vegetation. Since it is difficult to determine the host plant in the samplings made with the sweeping net, possible host plants of the species in the area were determined by observation. Coordinates of the sampling areas, altitude information and habitat characteristics of the samples were recorded together with the host plants. The samples were brought to the laboratory in ethyl alcohol. Dissection and preparation of the samples were performed under a Nikon SMZ745T binocular.

Image 100000000000025700000089F3BA24E50517E7C9.jpg

Figure 2: Views of habitats from the study area

5Specimens were identified by the second author at species level using various diagnostic keys: Mohr (1966), Lopatin (1980), Gruev & Tomov (1984; 1986) and Warchalowski (2003; 2010). All samples were deposited in Uşak University under appropriate conditions.

RESULTS

6A total of 34 leaf beetle species belonging to 8 subfamilies and 26 genera are found to be distributed in DPNP. Sixteen species are firstly recorded from Aydın province (Table 1). The distributions by provinces of Turkey and host plant information are given below.

Table 1: Leaf beetle species collected from Dilek Peninsula Büyük Menderes National Park. Species marked with an asterisk (*) are new records for Aydın province of Turkey

Image 100002010000026F000002E0D16F39F20D71835B.png

Family Chrysomelidae Latreille 1802

Subfamily Bruchinae Latreille 1802

7Tribus Bruchini Latreille 1802

8Genus Bruchidius Schilsky 1905

9Bruchidius nanus Germar 1824

10Material: DPNP, Aydın; 18.vi.2020, 37°36’44’’N, 27°12’58’’E, 1m, 2 specimens.

11Distribution: Adana, Artvin, Bilecik, Bolu, Çorum, İstanbul, İzmir, Karaman, Kırklareli, Konya, Mersin (Bodemeyer, 1906; Sahlberg, 1913; Borowiec, 1984; Decelle & Lodos, 1989; Borowiec & Anton, 1993; Anton, 2010). New record for Aydın province.

12Host Plant: Medicago spp. (Fabaceae)

13Bruchidius varius (Olivier 1795)

14Material: DPNP, Aydın; 18.vi.2020, 37°36’44’’N, 27°12’58’’E, 1m, 3 specimens.

15Distribution: Amasya, Ankara, Antalya, Aydın, Bolu, Çanakkale, Çorum, Eskişehir, Iğdır, İzmir, Kahramanmaraş, Karaman, Kars, Kocaeli, Konya, Mersin, Sakarya, Samsun, Tokat, Tunceli, Zonguldak (Ganglbauer, 1905; Sahlberg, 1913; Zampetti, 1981; Borowiec, 1984; Decelle & Lodos, 1989; Borowiec & Anton, 1993; Anton, 2010).

16Host Plant: Trifolium spp. (Fabaceae)

Subfamily Donaciinae Kirby 1837

17Tribus Donaciini Kirby 1837

18Genus Donacia Fabricius 1775

19Donacia marginata Hoppe 1795

20Material: DPNP, Aydın; 18.vi.2020, 37°39’09’’N, 27°03’41’’E, 3m, 1 specimen; 29.06.2021, 37°39’09’’K, 27°03’41’’D, 3m, 4 specimens.

21Distribution: Afyonkarahisar, Ankara, Bolu, Denizli, Düzce, Isparta, İstanbul, Kahramanmaraş, Muğla, Sakarya, Samsun, Tokat (Benato, 1990; Ekiz & Şen et al., 2013, Ekiz & Geiser et al., 2020). New record for Aydın province.

22Host Plant: Carex spp. (Cyperaceae)

Subfamily Criocerinae Latreille 1804

23Tribus Lemiini Heinze 1962

24Genus Oulema Gozis 1886

25Oulema melanopus Linnaeus 1758

26Material: DPNP, Aydın; 18.iv.2021, 37°36’44’’N, 27°12’58’’E, 3m, 5 specimens.

27Distribution: Adana, Afyonkarahisar, Aksaray, Ankara, Antalya, Ardahan, Aydın, Çorum, Diyarbakır, Eskişehir, Erzincan, Erzurum, Gaziantep, Hatay, Iğdır, İzmir, Kahramanmaraş, Karaman, Kastamonu, Kırklareli, Konya, Karabük, Kars, Kütahya, Manisa, Muğla, Osmaniye, Samsun, Siirt (Medvedev, 1970; Gül-Zümreoğlu, 1972; Tomov & Gruev, 1975; Gruev & Tomov, 1984; Campobasso et al., 1999; Aslan, 2000; Turanlı et al., 2002; Gök & Çilbiroğlu , 2003; Gök & Gürbüz, 2004; Gruev, 2005a; Özdikmen & Turgut, 2008; Aslan et al., 2009; Özdikmen, 2011; Ekiz & Şen et al., 2013).

28Host Plant: Triticum spp. (Poaceae)

Subfamily Cassidinae Gyllenhal 1813

29Tribus Cassidini Gyllenhal 1813

30Genus Cassida Linnaeus 1758

31Cassida rubiginosa Müller 1776

32Material: DPNP, Aydın; 17.vi.2020, 37°39’55’’N, 27°00’32’’E, 8m, 9 specimens (5 adults, 6 larvae); 18.iv.2021, 37°41’44’’N, 27°11’11’’E, 85m, 15 specimens (9 adults, 6 larvae).

33Distribution: Adana, Afyonkarahisar, Ankara, Antalya, Balıkesir, Bolu, Bursa, Çorum, Edirne, Eskişehir, Erzurum, Giresun, Isparta, İzmir, Kastamonu, Kırklareli, Konya, Karabük, Kütahya, Manisa, Mersin, Sakarya, Samsun, Sivas, Tekirdağ, Zonguldak (Sahlberg, 1913; Tomov & Gruev, 1975; Kısmalı & Sassi, 1994; Aslan & Özbek, 1999; Campobasso et al., 1999; Borowiec, 2007; Aslan et al., 2009; Şen & Gök, 2009; Özdikmen, 2011; Ekiz & Şen et al., 2013). New record for Aydın province.

34Host Plant: Cirsium spp. (Asteraceae)

35Cassida nobilis Linnaeus 1758

36Material: DPNP, Aydın; 18.vi.2020, 37°42’08’’N, 27°11’18’’E, 50m, 1 specimen.

37Distribution: Amasya, Ankara, Antalya, Aydın, Balıkesir, Çanakkale, Çorum, Denizli, Erzurum, Isparta, İzmir, Kastamonu, Kocaeli, Konya, Mersin, Niğde, Sakarya, Samsun, Sinop, Tokat (Kısmalı & Sassi, 1994; Ekiz & Şen et al., 2013).

38Host Plant: A single specimen was caught with sweeping net. The host plant could not be determined.

39Genus Hypocassida Weise 1893

40Hypocassida meridionalis (Suffrian 1844)

41Material: DPNP, Aydın; 23.vii.2020, 37°41’50’’N, 27°11’11’’E, 85m, 1 specimen.

42Distribution: Ordu (Borowiec & Sekerka, 2010; Özdikmen, 2011; Ekiz & Şen et al., 2013). New record for Aydın province.

43Host Plant: A single specimen was collected with sweeping net. The host plant could not be determined.

44Hypocassida subferruginea (Schrank 1776)

45Material: DPNP, Aydın; 17.vi.2020, 37°39’55’’N, 27°00’32’’E, 8m, 3 specimens.

46Distribution: Adana, Ağrı, Aksaray, Amasya, Ankara, Antalya, Aydın, Balıkesir, Bilecik, Bitlis, Bursa, Bolu, Burdur, Çanakkale, Çankırı, Çorum, Denizli, Düzce, Edirne, Erzincan, Eskişehir, Erzurum, Hatay, Isparta; İstanbul, İzmir, Kahramanmaraş, Karaman, Kastamonu, Kayseri, Kocaeli, Konya, Karabük, Kütahya, Manisa, Mersin, Muş, Niğde, Osmaniye, Rize, Sakarya, Samsun, Siirt, Sinop, Sivas, Şanlıurfa, Yozgat, Zonguldak (Sahlberg, 1913; Günther, 1954; Kısmalı & Sassi, 1994; Aslan & Özbek, 1999; Gök & Çilbiroğlu , 2003; Gök & Gürbüz, 2004; Borowiec, 2007; Aslan et al., 2009; Özdikmen, 2011; Ekiz & Şen et al., 2013).

47Host Plant: Convolvulus spp. (Convolvulaceae)

48Tribus Hispini Gyllenhal 1813

49Genus Dicladispa Gestro 1897

50Dicladispa testacea Linnaeus 1767

51Material: DPNP, Aydın; 16.vi.2020, 37°42’08’’N, 27°11’18’’E, 50m, 7 specimens; 16.vi.2020, 37°41’31’’N, 27°09’11’’E, 27m, 5 specimens; 22.0vii.2020, 37°34'55"N, 27°13'37"E, 0m, 2 specimens; 03.ix.2020, 37°40'06"N 27°02'51"E, 90m, 10 specimens; 28.v.2021, 37°39'09"N, 27°03'41"E, 418m, 6 specimens.

52Distribution: Adana, Antalya, Aydın, Bursa, Giresun, Hatay, Isparta, İstanbul, İzmir, Kastamonu, Manisa, Mersin, Muğla, Osmaniye, Sakarya, Sivas, Trabzon, Zonguldak (Tomov & Gruev, 1975; Giray, 1980; Kısmalı, 1989; Gök & Çilbiroğlu , 2003; Gruev, 2005b; Şen & Gök, 2009; Özdikmen, 2011; Ekiz & Şen et al., 2013).

53Host Plant: Cistus spp. (Cistaceae)

Subfamily Cryptocephalinae Gyllenhal 1813

54Tribus Clytrini Kirby 1837

55Genus Clytra Laicharting 1781

56Clytra bodemeyeri Weise 1900

57Material: DPNP, Aydın; 16.vi.2020, 37°42’08’’N, 27°11’18’’E, 50m, 1 specimen; 02.ix.2020, 37°39’20’’N, 27°04’43’’E, 590m, 1 specimen.

58Distribution: Ankara, Antalya, Bilecik, Erzurum, Gaziantep, Hatay, Isparta, Konya, Kırşehir, Mersin, Muğla, Niğde, Osmaniye (Weise, 1900; Tomov & Gruev, 1975; Kasap, 1987b; Aydın & Kısmalı, 1990; Aslan & Özbek, 1998; Warchałowski, 2003; Gök & Çilbiroğlu , 2005; Şen & Gök, 2009; Özdikmen et al. 2010; Özdikmen, 2011; Ekiz & Şen et al., 2013). New record for Aydın province.

59Host Plant: Quercus spp. (Fagaceae)

60Clytra novempunctata Olivier 1808

61Material: DPNP, Aydın; 03.ix.2020, 37°39’20’’N, 27°04’43’’E, 590m, 1 specimen.

62Distribution: Adana, Amasya, Ankara, Antalya, Artvin, Aydın, Bartın, Bolu, Burdur, Çorum, Denizli, Elazığ, Erzurum, Gaziantep, Giresun, Isparta, İzmir, Hatay, Kahramanmaraş, Karaman, Kastamonu, Kayseri, Konya, Karabük, Manisa, Mardin, Mersin, Muğla, Niğde, Osmaniye, Siirt, Sinop, Sivas, Tokat, Tunceli, Yozgat, Uşak (Gül-Zümreoğlu, 1972; Tomov & Gruev, 1975; Gruev & Tomov, 1984; Kasap, 1987b; Aydın & Kısmalı, 1990; Aslan & Özbek, 1998; Gök, 2003; Gök & Çilbiroğlu, 2003, 2005; Warchałowski, 2003; Gruev, 2004, 2005a; Şen & Gök, 2009; Özdikmen et al. 2010; Özdikmen, 2011).

63Host Plant: Quercus spp. (Fagaceae)

64Genus Coptocephala Chevrolat 1836

65Coptocephala unifasciata (Scopoli 1763)

66Material: DPNP, Aydın; 22.vii.2020, 37°39’55’’N, 27°00’32’’E, 8m, 4 specimens; 03.ix.2021, 37°41’44’’N, 27°11’11’’E, 85m, 1 specimen.

67Distribution: Adana, Afyonkarahisar, Amasya, Ankara, Antalya, Aydın, Balıkesir, Bartın, Çanakkale, Çankırı, Erzincan, Erzurum, Hatay, Isparta, İzmir, Kahramanmaraş, Kastamonu, Kayseri, Konya, Karabük, Mersin, Muğla, Nevşehir, Niğde, Osmaniye, Sivas (Kasap, 1987a; Aydın & Kısmalı, 1990; Aslan & Özbek, 1998; Gök, 2003; Gök & Çilbiroğlu, 2003; Şen & Gök, 2009; Özdikmen, 2011).

68Host Plant: Ecninophora spp. (Apiaceae)

69Genus Labidostomis Germar 1822

70Labidostomis humeralis (Schneider 1792)

71Material: DPNP, Aydın; 02.ix.2020, 37°39’20’’N, 27°04’43’’E, 590m, 2 specimens; 28.v.2021, 37°39'09"N, 27°03'41"E, 418m, 1 specimen.

72Distribution: Çorum, İzmir, Bolu (Tomov & Gruev, 1975; Gruev & Tomov, 1984; Aydın & Kısmalı, 1990; Warchałowski, 2003; Gruev, 2004; Özdikmen, 2011). New record for Aydın province.

73Host Plant: Quercus spp. (Fagaceae)

74Genus Macrolenes Chevrolat 1836

75Macrolenes dentipes (Olivier 1808)

76Material: DPNP, Aydın; 17.vi.2020, 37°39’54’’N, 27°02’57’’E, 140m, 2 specimens; 28.v.2021, 37°41’44’’N, 27°11’11’’E, 85m, 1 specimen.

77Distribution: Aydın, Balıkesir, Bursa, Çanakkale, Isparta, İzmir, Manisa, Muğla (Gruev & Tomov, 1979; Aydın & Kısmalı, 1990; Gruev, 2005b; Ekiz & Şen et al., 2013).

78Host Plant: Quercus spp. (Fagaceae); Olea spp. (Oleaceae)

79Genus Smaragdina Chevrolat 1836

80Smaragdina limbata (Steven 1806)

81Material: DPNP, Aydın; 17.vi.2020, 37°42’08’’N, 27°11’18’’E, 50m, 3 specimens; 04.ix.2020, 37°39’54’’N, 27°02’57’’E, 140m, 2 specimens; 18.vi.2021, 37°39’55’’N, 27°00’32’’E, 8m, 6 specimens.

82Distribution: Adana, Afyonkarahisar, Amasya, Ankara, Antalya, Aydın, Balıkesir, Bilecik, Bursa, Bolu, Burdur, Çanakkale, Çankırı, Çorum, Denizli, Diyarbakır, Düzce, Erzincan, Eskişehir, Erzurum, Gaziantep, Hakkari, Hatay, Isparta, İstanbul, İzmir, Kahramanmaraş, Kastamonu, Konya, Karabük, Manisa, Mersin, Muğla, Niğde, Osmaniye, Sakarya, Samsun, Sinop, Uşak, Yozgat, Zonguldak (Sahlberg, 1913; Medvedev, 1970; Tomov & Gruev, 1975; Gruev & Tomov, 1979, 1984; Kasap, 1987b; Aydın & Kısmalı, 1990; Aslan & Özbek, 1998; Gök, 2003; Warchałowski, 2003; Gök & Gürbüz, 2004; Gruev, 2004, 2005a; Gök & Çilbiroğlu , 2005; Aslan et al., 2009; Şen & Gök, 2009; Özdikmen, 2011).

83Host Plant: Quercus spp. (Fagaceae).

84Genus Tituboea Lacordaire 1848

85Tituboea macropus (Illiger 1800)

86Material: DPNP, Aydın; 02.ix.2020, 37°39’20’’N, 27°04’43’’E, 590m, 2 specimens; 28.v.2021, 37°39'09"N, 27°03'41"E, 418m, 1 specimen; 18.vi.2021, 37°39’55’’N, 27°00’32’’E, 8m, 3 specimens.

87Distribution: Adana, Aksaray, Ankara, Antalya, Artvin, Aydın, Bolu, Çanakkale, Çankırı, Çorum, Erzurum, Hatay, Isparta, İzmir, Kahramanmaraş, Kastamonu, Kayseri, Kilis, Konya, Karabük, Kars, Mersin, Muğla, Nevşehir, Niğde, Osmaniye, Sivas, Edirne, İstanbul (Gruev & Tomov, 1984; Kasap, 1987a; Aydın & Kısmalı, 1990; Aslan & Özbek, 1998; Regalin, 2002; Gök, 2003; Warchałowski, 2003; Özdikmen & Aslan, 2009; Özdikmen, 2011).

88Host Plant: Quercus spp. (Fagaceae)

89Tribus Cryptocephalini Gyllenhal 1813

90Genus Cryptocephalus Geoffroy 1762

91Cryptocephalus  anticus Suffrian 1848

92Material: DPNP, Aydın; 24.vii.2020, 37°37’53’’N, 27°07’43’’E, 7m, 1 specimen.

93Distribution: Adana, Aksaray, Ankara, Antalya, Bayburt, Bilecik, Bolu, Bursa, Çanakkale, Çankırı, Denizli, Diyarbakır, Eskişehir, Erzurum, Hakkari, Isparta, İzmir, Kayseri, Kocaeli, Konya, Karabük, Tokat, Gümüşhane, Kırklareli, Kocaeli, Manisa, Mardin, Mersin, Muş, Nevşehir, Niğde, Sakarya, Samsun, Sinop, Sivas, Tekirdağ, Tokat, Tunceli, Zonguldak (Medvedev, 1975; Tomov & Gruev, 1975; Gruev & Tomov, 1984; Tomov, 1984; Aslan & Özbek, 1997a; Sassi & Kısmalı, 2000; Gök, 2002; Turanlı et al., 2002; Warchałowski, 2003; Gök & Gürbüz, 2004; Gruev, 2005a; Atay & Çam, 2006; Aslan et al., 2009; Özdikmen, 2011). New record for Aydın province.

94Host Plant: A single specimen was caught with sweeping net. The host plant could not be determined.

95Cryptocephalus fulvus Goeze 1777

96Material: DPNP, Aydın; 24.vii.2020, 37°37’53’’N, 27°07’43’’E, 7m, 1 specimen.

97Distribution: Ankara, Antalya, Çanakkale, Denizli, Edirne, Erzincan, Erzurum, Gümüşhane, Isparta, İzmir, Kırklareli, Manisa, Mersin, Muğla, Tokat, Tunceli, (Medvedev, 1975; Gruev & Tomov, 1984; Aslan & Özbek, 1997a; Campobasso et al., 1999; Sassi & Kısmalı, 2000; Gök, 2002; Turanlı et al., 2002; Gök & Çilbiroğlu , 2003; Warchałowski, 2003; Atay & Çam, 2006; Maican, 2007). New record for Aydın province.

98Host Plant: A single specimen was caught with sweeping net. The host plant could not be determined.

99Cryptocephalus ilicis Olivier 1808

100Material: DPNP, Aydın; 28.v.2021, 37°39'09"N, 27°03'41"E, 418m, 4 specimens; 18.iv.2021, 37°39’55’’N, 27°00’32’’E, 8m, 2 specimens.

101Distribution: Aydın, Balıkesir, Bursa, İstanbul, İzmir, Konya, Manisa, Kırklareli (Sahlberg, 1913; Aslan & Özbek, 1997a; Sassi & Kısmalı, 2000; Schöller, 2002; Turanlı et al., 2002).

102Host Plant: Quercus spp. (Fagaceae)

103Cryptocephalus pygmaeus Fabricius 1792

104Material: DPNP, Aydın; 17.vi.2020, 37°41’50’’N, 27°11’11’’E, 85m, 17 specimens; 18.vi.2020, 37°36’44’’N, 27°12’58’’E, 1m, 5 specimens; 18.iv.2021, 37°39’55’’N, 27°00’32’’E, 8m, 6 specimens; 28.v.2021, 37°39’09’’N, 27°03’41’’E, 3m, 6 specimens.

105Distribution: Adana, Afyonkarahisar, Aksaray, Antalya, Aydın, Bursa, Denizli, Erzurum, Isparta, İzmir, Kocaeli, Manisa, Mersin, Muğla, Niğde, (Sahlberg, 1913; Giray, 1982; Gruev & Tomov, 1984; Tomov, 1984; Aslan & Özbek, 1997a; Sassi & Kısmalı, 2000; Gök, 2002; Schöller, 2002; Turanlı et al., 2002; Gök & Çilbiroğlu , 2003; Warchałowski, 2003; Gruev, 2004; Şen & Gök, 2009; Özdikmen, 2011).

106Host Plant: Mentha spp. (Lamiaceae)

Subfamily Chrysomelinae Latreille 1802

107Tribus Chrysomelini Latreille 1802

108Genus Chrysolina Motschulsky 1860

109Chrysolina coerulans (Scriba 1791)

110Material: DPNP, Aydın; 17.vi.2020, 37°37’53’’N, 27°07’43’’E, 7m, 5 specimens.

111Distribution: Ankara, Antalya, Artvin, Erzincan, Erzurum, Hatay, İzmir, Kahramanmaraş, Kastamonu, Kars, Mersin (Sahlberg, 1913; Medvedev, 1970; Kasap, 1988a; Aslan, Gruev et al., 2003; Gök & Çilbiroğlu , 2003; Gök & Gürbüz, 2004; Gruev, 2004, 2005a; Maican, 2007; Özdikmen, 2011). New record for Aydın province.

112Host Plant: Mentha spp. (Lamiaceae)

113Chrysolina herbacea (Duftschmid 1825)

114Material: DPNP, Aydın; 18.vi.2020, 37°36’44’’N, 27°12’58’’E, 1m, 2 specimens; 18.iv.2021, 37°41’56’’N, 27°10’25’’E, 4m, 9 specimens; 28.v.2021, 37°39’55’’N, 27°00’32’’E, 8m, 2 specimens; 28.v.2021, 37°39’09’’N, 27°03’41’’E, 3m, 6 specimens.

115Distribution: Aksaray, Ankara, Antalya, Artvin, Bartın, Bilecik, Bolu, Bursa, Burdur, Çankırı, Çorum, Denizli, Düzce, Edirne, Erzincan, Eskişehir, Erzurum, Isparta, İstanbul, İzmir, Kahramanmaraş, Karaman, Kastamonu, Kayseri, Kırklareli, Kocaeli, Konya, Karabük, Kırşehir, Manisa, Mersin, Muş, Nevşehir, Niğde, Ordu, Osmaniye, Samsun, Sinop, Sivas, Tokat, Trabzon, Yozgat, Zonguldak (Medvedev, 1970; Tomov & Gruev, 1975; Gruev & Tomov, 1979; Giray, 1982; Kasap, 1988a; Aslan & Özbek, 1999; Bienkowski, 2001; Aslan, Gruev et al., 2003; Gök & Çilbiroğlu , 2003; Warchałowski, 2003; Gök & Gürbüz, 2004; Gruev, 2004, 2005a; Atay & Çam, 2006; Aslan et al., 2009; Kippenberg, 2010; Özdikmen, 2011). New record for Aydın province.

116Host Plant: Mentha spp. (Lamiaceae)

117Genus Chrysomela Linnaeus 1758

118Chrysomela populi Linnaeus 1758

119Material: DPNP, Aydın; 18.iv.2021, 37°37’18’’N, 27°13’14’’E, 4m, 9 specimens.

120Distribution: Aksaray, Amasya, Ankara, Antalya, Aydın, Artvin, Bilecik, Bitlis, Burdur, Çorum, Denizli, Erzincan, Eskişehir, Erzurum, Isparta, İstanbul, İzmir, Kahramanmaraş, Karaman, Kastamonu, Kayseri, Kocaeli, Konya, Karabük, Kars, Manisa, Nevşehir, Niğde, Ordu, Osmaniye, Samsun, Sinop, Sivas, Tokat, Trabzon, Zonguldak (Gül-Zümreoğlu, 1972; Tomov & Gruev, 1975; Gruev & Tomov, 1979; Kasap, 1988b; Aslan, 1997; Aslan & Özbek, 1999; Aslan, Gruev et al., 2003; Gök & Çilbiroğlu , 2005; Gruev, 2005a; Atay & Çam, 2006; Şen & Gök, 2009; Özdikmen, 2011).

121Host Plant: Populus spp. (Salicaceae)

122Genus Colaphellus Weise 1916

123Colaphellus sophiae (Schaller 1783)

124Material: DPNP, Aydın; 17.vi.2020, 37°39’55’’N, 27°00’32’’E, 8m, 3 specimens; 18.vi.2020, 37°39’55’’N, 27°00’32’’E, 8m, 4 specimens.

125Distribution: Afyonkarahisar, Aksaray, Amasya, Ankara, Aydın, Bolu, Çanakkale, Denizli, Diyarbakır, Erzurum, Isparta, İstanbul, İzmir, Kastamonu, Kayseri, Konya, Karabük, Manisa, Nevşehir, Niğde, Tokat, Yozgat, Edirne (Sahlberg, 1913; Tomov & Gruev, 1975; Gruev & Tomov, 1979; Kasap, 1988b; Aslan & Özbek, 1999; Campobasso et al., 1999; Aslan, Gruev et al., 2003; Warchałowski, 2003; Gruev, 2004, 2005a; Atay & Çam, 2006; Şen & Gök, 2009; Özdikmen, 2011).

126Host Plant: Mentha spp. (Lamiaceae)

127Genus Gonioctena Chevrolat 1836

128Gonioctena fornicata (Brüggemann 1873)

129Material: DPNP, Aydın; 17.vi.2020, 37°30’35’’N, 27°21’51’’E, 3m, 9 specimens.

130Distribution: Adana, Afyonkarahisar, Aksaray, Ankara, Antalya, Artvin, Bolu, Bilecik, Çankırı, Çorum, Denizli, Diyarbakır, Düzce, Erzincan, Eskişehir, Erzurum, Gaziantep, Hatay, Isparta, İzmir, Kahramanmaraş, Karaman, Kastamonu, Kayseri, Konya, Karabük, Mardin, Mersin, Muş, Nevşehir, Niğde, Osmaniye, Sinop, Tokat, Tunceli, Yozgat, Zonguldak (Sahlberg, 1913; Medvedev, 1970; Gruev & Tomov, 1979; Kasap, 1988b; Aslan & Özbek, 1999; Aslan, Gruev et al., 2003; Gök & Çilbiroğlu , 2003; Warchałowski, 2003; Gök & Gürbüz, 2004; Gruev, 2004, 2005a; Atay & Çam, 2006; Aslan et al., 2009; Şen & Gök, 2009; Özdikmen, 2011). New record for Aydın province.

131Host Plant: Trifolium spp. (Fabaceae)

Subfamily Eumolpinae Hope 1840

132Tribus Bromiini Baly 1865

133Genus Pachnephorus Chevrolat 1836

134Pachnephorus pilosus (Rossi 1790)

135Material: DPNP, Aydın; 24.vii.2020, 37°39’55’’N, 27°00’32’’E, 8m, 2 specimens; 03.ix.2020, 37°41’50’’N, 27°11’11’’E, 85m, 1 specimen.

136Distribution: The exact locality information about the distribution of this species in Turkey was not known until now (Warchalowski, 2003; Ekiz & Şen et al., 2013). New record for Aydın province.

137Host Plant: Specimens have been caught with sweeping net. The host plant could not be determined.

Subfamily Galerucinae Latreille 1802

138Tribus Galerucini Latreille 1802

139Genus Exosoma Jacoby 1903

140Exosoma neglectum Mohr 1968

141Material: DPNP, Aydın; 17.vi.2020, 37°39’55’’N, 27°00’32’’E, 8m, 14 specimens; 28.v.2021, 37°39’55’’N, 27°00’32’’E, 8m, 7 specimens.

142Distribution: Adana, Amasya, Ankara, Antalya, Burdur, Diyarbakır, Erzincan, Eskişehir, Isparta, Konya, Mersin, Osmaniye (Mohr, 1968; Tomov & Gruev, 1975; Gruev & Tomov, 1979; Aslan et al. 2000, 2009;Warchałowski, 2003; Gök & Duran, 2004; Şen & Gök, 2009; Özdikmen, 2011). New record for Aydın province.

143Host Plant: Allium spp. (Amaryllidaceae)

144Genus Radymna Reitter 1913

145Radymna fischeri (Faldermann 1837)

146Material: DPNP, Aydın; 28.v.2021, 37°39’55’’N, 27°00’32’’E, 8m, 2 specimens.

147Distribution: Ankara, Erzurum, Gaziantep, Iğdır, Isparta, Kayseri, Kars, Niğde (Gruev & Tomov, 1979; Aslan 1998, 2000; Warchałowski, 2003; Gök & Duran, 2004; Şen & Gök, 2009; Özdikmen, 2011). New record for Aydın province.

148Host Plant: Two specimens were caught with sweeping net. The host plant could not be determined.

149Genus Xanthogaleruca Laboissiere 1934

150Xanthogaleruca luteola (Müller 1766)

151Material: DPNP, Aydın; 18.iv.2021, 37°30’35’’N, 27°21’51’’E, 3m, 2 specimens.

152Distribution: Ankara, Antalya, Aydın, Balıkesir, Bilecik, Bolu, Eskişehir, Erzurum, Iğdır, İstanbul, İzmir, Karabük, Muğla, Samsun, Sinop, Tekirdağ, Trabzon, Zonguldak (Sahlberg, 1913; Medvedev, 1970; Tomov & Gruev, 1975; Gruev & Tomov, 1979; Aslan 1998; Aslan et al. 2000; Turanlı & Kısmalı, 2003; Gruev, 2004, 2005a; Maican, 2007; Özdikmen, 2011).

153Host Plant: Ulmus spp. (Ulmaceae)

154Tribus Alticini Newman 1835

155Genus Altica Müller 1764

156Altica lythri Aubé 1843

157Material: DPNP, Aydın; 17.vi.2020, 37°39’55’’N, 27°00’32’’E, 8m, 4 specimens; 24.vii.2020, 37°36’44’’N, 27°12’58’’E, 1m, 1 specimen.

158Distribution: Antalya, Denizli, Erzurum, Isparta, İzmir, Trabzon (Aslan et al., 1999, 2009; Çilbiroğlu, 2003; Warchałowski, 2003; Çilbiroğlu & Gök, 2004; Gruev, 2004; Aslan, 2007; Şen & Gök, 2009; Aslan, 2010; Özdikmen, 2011). New record for Aydın province.

159Host Plant: Epilobium spp. (Onagraceae)

160Genus Chaetocnema Stephens 1831

161Chaetocnema tibialis (Illiger 1807)

162Material: DPNP, Aydın; 22.vii.2020, 37°30’35’’N, 27°21’51’’E, 3m, 6 specimens.

163Distribution: Aksaray, Amasya, Ankara, Antalya, Balıkesir, Burdur, Çanakkale, Düzce, Erzincan, Eskişehir, Erzurum, Isparta, İzmir, Kocaeli, Konya, Kars, Malatya, Samsun (Sahlberg, 1913; Gruev & Kasap, 1985; Gruev & Döberl, 1997; Aslan et al., 1999, 2009; Aslan, Özbek et al. 2003; Çilbiroglu 2003; Warchałowski, 2003; Aslan & Gök, 2006; Aslan, 2007; Aslan & Ayvaz, 2009; Şen & Gök, 2009; Konstantinov et al., 2011; Özdikmen, 2011). New record for Aydın province.

164Host Plant: Beta spp. (Amaranthaceae)

165Genus Longitarsus Latreille 1829

166Longitarsus albineus (Foudras 1860)

167Material: DPNP, Aydın; 22.vii.2020, 37°30’35’’N, 27°21’51’’E, 3m, 4 specimens.

168Distribution: Antalya, Aydın, Burdur, Erzurum, Isparta, İzmir, Kayseri, Konya, Mersin, Niğde (Sahlberg, 1913; Gruev & Kasap, 1985; Gruev & Döberl, 1997; Gruev, 1998, 2004; Aslan et al., 1999, 2009; Çilbiroğlu, 2003; Warchałowski, 2003; Aslan & Gök, 2006; Aslan, 2007, 2010).

169Host Plant: Specimens were caught with sweeping net. The host plant could not be determined.

170Genus Phyllotreta Chevrolat 1836

171Phyllotreta nigripes (Fabricius 1775)

172Material: DPNP, Aydın; 22.vii.2020, 37°30’35’’N, 27°21’51’’E, 3m, 16 specimens; 03.ix.2020, 37°36’44’’N, 27°12’58’’E, 1m, 3 specimens; 18.iv.2021, 37°39’55’’N, 27°00’32’’E, 8m, 3 specimens.

173Distribution: Adana, Ankara, Antalya, Bayburt, Bilecik, Erzincan, Eskişehir, Erzurum, Hatay, Iğdır, Isparta, Kayseri, Konya, Kars, Manisa, Mersin, Sivas, Yozgat, Edirne (Sahlberg, 1913; Král, 1967; Tomov & Gruev, 1975; Gruev & Kasap, 1985; Gruev & Döberl, 1997; Aslan et al., 1999, 2009; Aslan et al., 2003; Warchałowski, 2003; Aslan & Gök, 2006; Aslan, 2007, 2010; Aslan & Ayvaz, 2009; Şen & Gök, 2009; Özdikmen, 2011). New record for Aydın province.

174Host Plant: Brassica spp. (Brassicaceae)

175Genus Podagrica Chevrolat 1836

176Podagrica malvae (Illiger 1807)

177Material: DPNP, Aydın; 18.vi.2020, 37°41’54’’N, 27°10’34’’E, 15m, 1 specimen.

178Distribution: Ankara, Antalya, Artvin, Bursa, Eskişehir, Erzurum, Giresun, Iğdır, Isparta, İstanbul, İzmir, Kayseri, Kırklareli, Konya, Manisa, Mersin, Niğde, Osmaniye, Sivas (Sahlberg, 1913; Král, 1967; Gruev & Kasap, 1985; Gruev & Döberl, 1997; Aslan et al., 1999, 2009; Çilbiroğlu, 2003; Warchałowski, 2003; Gök & Çilbiroğlu 2004; Gruev, 2004; Aslan & Gök, 2006; Aslan, 2007, 2010; Aslan & Ayvaz, 2009; Özdikmen, 2011). New record for Aydın province.

179Host Plant: Malva sylvestris (Malvaceae)

180Species Numbers and Subfamily Composition in Dilek Peninsula Büyük Menderes Delta National Park

181So far the number of Chrysomelidae species including 29 Bruchinae species (Ekiz, 2022) were recorded in Aydın increased from 60 to 78 (Table 2).

Table 2: Summary of species numbers recorded from Aydın province

Image 10000201000001C8000000A40CE8D08CAB4DF7A2.png

182The number of species on the basis of the subfamilies was determined and Cryptocephalinae has the first place with a share of 32% and 11 species, and followed by Galerucinae containing Alticini with 8 species and a share of 23% (Figure 3). This composition matches with the dominant shrub vegetation of the area.

Image 10000201000001DB000000D30BAA1D844BA1AA8A.png

Figure 3: Proportion of species based on subfamilies

DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS

183A monitoring study on leaf beetles (Chrysomelidae) in DPNP of Aydın province has not been done before. From different areas of Aydın province, 31 species of leef beetles were reported so far (Ekiz & Şen et al., 2013; Aslan et al. 2013; Aslan et al. 2014; Bayram & Aslan 2015). In this study, 34 species belonging to 8 subfamilies and 26 genera were determined within the borders of DPNP. Of these species, 16 were previously recorded from Aydın province and 18 are new records for Aydın province (Table 1).

184Biodiversity is one of the most important natural values of a country. Especially the invertebrate fauna of our country has not been studied sufficiently yet. Recently, similar studies have been carried out in many insect groups and contribute to revealing Turkey's biological diversity. New localities and species records resulting from faunistic studies will provide a better knowledge of our biodiversity.

Acknowledgements

This study is supported by TÜBİTAK (project number: 119Z544) and is a part of MSc thesis of the first author.

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To cite this article

Gözde Uçan & Ali Nafiz Ekiz, «Leaf Beetles (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae) occurring in Dilek Peninsula Büyük Menderes Delta National Park of Aydın province (Turkey)», Entomologie faunistique - Faunistic Entomology [En ligne], Volume 76 (2023), 65-85 URL : https://popups.uliege.be/2030-6318/index.php?id=6139.

About: Gözde Uçan

Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Institute of Graduate Education, Uşak, Turkey. gozdeucan@hotmail.com

About: Ali Nafiz Ekiz

Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Faculty of Arts and Science, Uşak University, Uşak, Turkey. nafiz.ekiz@usak.edu.tr