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Özgür Baştürk, Ekrem M. Esmer, Eylül Demir & Selim O. Selam

Eclipse Timing Variations Observed in PCEB Systems

(Volume 92 - Année 2023 — Numéro 2 - Proceedings of the 10th Meeting on Hot Subdwarfs and Related Objects)
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Abstract

Post-common Envelope Eclipsing Binary (PCEB) systems with a white or sub-dwarf primary and a low-mass secondary are ideal systems to study Eclipse Timing Variations (ETVs) due to their relatively small total masses which make it easy to detect gravitationally bound, yet unseen, additional bodies even within planetary limits on long-period orbits. With the addition of the recent discovery of two planetary-mass bodies in the sdB + dM binary Kepler-451 system, the number of circumbinary planets in PCEBs approaches 30 now. However, some of these systems turned out to be dynamically unstable with the suggested planetary parameters. As more observations accumulate over time, there have been significant changes in both the number of suggested planets and their parameters. These necessitate a look back to the ETV analyses of these systems with new and more precise data spanning longer baselines. Within this contribution, we review the systems hosting substellar bodies suggested from the light-time effect they are claimed to be causing. We list the general problems encountered during the ETV analyses and the interpretation of the results, and comment on their possible solutions. We calculate and present the potentials of supporting evidence from astrometry, radial velocity, and transit observations as well as tests through dynamical stability analyses and magnetic activity assumptions.

Keywords : close binary stars, eclipse timing, O-C analysis, photometry

To cite this article

Özgür Baştürk, Ekrem M. Esmer, Eylül Demir & Selim O. Selam, «Eclipse Timing Variations Observed in PCEB Systems», Bulletin de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège [En ligne], Volume 92 - Année 2023, Numéro 2 - Proceedings of the 10th Meeting on Hot Subdwarfs and Related Objects, 8-19 URL : https://popups.uliege.be/0037-9565/index.php?id=11197.

About: Özgür Baştürk

Ankara University, Science Faculty, Astronomy & Space Sciences Department, TR-06100, Tandogăn, Ankara, Türkiye. Co-first author.

About: Ekrem M. Esmer

Ankara University, Science Faculty, Astronomy & Space Sciences Department, TR-06100, Tandogăn, Ankara, Türkiye. Co-first author. Corresponding author: esmer@ankara.edu.tr

About: Eylül Demir

Ankara University, Science Faculty, Astronomy & Space Sciences Department, TR-06100, Tandogăn, Ankara, Türkiye

About: Selim O. Selam

Ankara University, Science Faculty, Astronomy & Space Sciences Department, TR-06100, Tandogăn, Ankara, Türkiye