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Kazem Shavand, Seyed Ali Asghar Mir Fattah & Mohammad Bahramzadeh

The Development trend of castles in Andimeshk Zone during historical and Islamic periods

(Volume 86 - Année 2017 — Special issue)
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Open Access

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Abstract

Andimeshk is one of the cities with several archeological buildings and monuments and it represents quantitatively and qualitatively a type of local and regional architecture belonging to historical and Islamic period. The castles are some of these monuments so that it has been tried in this essay to define the position of their architectural structure with study on the castle during historic and Islamic periods. According to objectives in this investigation, initially some issues have been examined and studied including geographic and historic position, typology, and their architectural importance and features and the buildings in terms of architectural structure and porcelains and materials and eventually it has been concluded that there are 9 castles in Andimeshk geographic zone. Construction of Lour, Gasem, Chalat, and Mongareh castles belongs to Sassanid (historic) period. Two Chalat and Mongareh castles have been employed as two very important security citadels in Islamic periods during Seljuk Dynasty and repeatedly during Ilkhanate Era. But two zones of Lour and Gasem castles have been inhabited again during Ilkhanate Dynasty while Sarqala or Amir Seif castle, which its building was formed primarily during Ilkhanate period, would be probably concurrent with aforesaid castles. Early formation of Hosseini, Chehar Borji (four towers), Bardel, and Couran (Kooru) castles belongs to Safavid period, which has been built by Luristan rulers and repaired during Qajar Dynasty.

Keywords : Andimeshk, castles, historic and Islamic period, regional climate

To cite this article

Kazem Shavand, Seyed Ali Asghar Mir Fattah & Mohammad Bahramzadeh, «The Development trend of castles in Andimeshk Zone during historical and Islamic periods», Bulletin de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège [En ligne], Volume 86 - Année 2017, Special issue, 281 - 293 URL : https://popups.uliege.be/0037-9565/index.php?id=6716.

About: Kazem Shavand

Archeology, Abhar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Abhar, Iran

About: Seyed Ali Asghar Mir Fattah

Group of Archeology, Abhar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Abhar, Iran

About: Mohammad Bahramzadeh

Group of Archeology, Abhar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Abhar, Iran